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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-14

Neuropsychological correlates of community function among major depressive disorder outpatients without comorbidity in Hong Kong: An exploratory cross-Sectional study

1 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Neuropsychiatric Rehabilitation Laboratory, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, China
2 Department of Psychiatry of United Christian Hospital, Yung Fung Shee Psychiatric Center, The Hong Kong Hospital Authority, Kwun Tong, Hong Kong, China

Correspondence Address:
Hector W. H. Tsang
RM QT510, 5/F, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, SAR
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/shb.shb_66_20

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Introduction: This exploratory cross-sectional study examined the effect of depression on neuropsychological and community function among major depressive disorder (MDD) outpatients without comorbidity in comparison with healthy controls (HCs). Methods: Sixty-nine participants (23 for each group) participated in the study. They were assessed on psychological, neuropsychological function, and community function skills. Results: The results revealed that first episode MDD and recurrent episodes MDD outpatients still have a significantly higher level of depression, impaired mental state, and executive function and worse community function compared with HCs. Intervariable relationships analysis revealed qualitative differences between the three groups. Conclusion: The study provides preliminary evidence that MDD outpatients may need more targeted cognitive and psychosocial interventions to improve their executive and community function skills. Larger-scale studies to increase the validity and generalizability of the pilot data are suggested.

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